Hackers use many methods to hack your account or get your personal data. Today I will share 4 Most commonly used methods used to crack password and some solution to get secured.
1. Brute Force Attack
Any password can be cracked using Brute-force attack. Brute-force attacks try every possible combinations of numbers, letters and special characters until the right password is match. Brute-force attacks can take very long time depending upon the complexity of the password. The cracking time is determined by the speed of computer and complexity of the password.
Solution : Use long and complex passwords. Try to use combination of upper and lowercase letters along with numbers and special characters like @#$& etc. Brute-force attack will take hundreds or even thousands of years to crack such complex and long passwords.
Example: Passwords like "iforgot" or "yourpassword" can be cracked easily whereas computer will take years to crack passwords like "aN@42lL00"
2. Social Engineering
Social engineering is process of making someone to trust you and get information from them. For example, Sometime hackers call the victim pretending to be from bank and ask for their credit cards details. Social Engineering can be used to get someone password, to get bank credentials or any personal information.
Solution : If someone tries to get your personal or bank details ask them few questions. Make sure the person calling you is legit. Never ever give your credit card details on phone.
Phishing is the most easiest and popular hacking method used by hackers to get someone account details. In Phishing attack hacker send fake page of real website like facebook, gmail to victim. When someone login through that fake page his details is send to the hacker. This fake pages can be easily created and hosted on free web-hosting sites.
Solution : Phishing attacks are very easy to avoid. The URL of this phishing pages are different from the real one.
Example : URL of phishing page of facebook might look like facbook.com (As you can see "e" is missing). Always make sure that websites URL is correct.
This seems silly but this can easily help you to get someones password within seconds. If hacker knows you, he can use information he knows about you to guess your password. Hacker can also use combination of Social Engineering and Guessing to acquire your password.
Solution : Don't use your name, surname, phone number or birth-date as your password. Try to avoid creating password that relates to you. Create complex and long password with combination of letters and numbers.